Inhaled Prostacyclin (Ventavis, Iloprost)
|PDE 5 Inhibitors
Stem Cell Transplant
Pulmonary hypertension secondary to systemic scleroderma can have a poor outcome, if untreated. With treatment the quality of life may improve and disease progression may slow down.
Treatment of pulmonary hypertension in systemic scleroderma is similar to that in idiopathic pulmonary hypertension, however systemic scleroderma causes many complications when it comes to managing treatment such as skin, renal and gastrointestinal involvement caused by scleroderma.
Treatments for pulmonary hypertension (PH) include bosentan (Tracleer), Letairis (Ambrisentan), Macitentan/Opsumit, lung transplants, oxygen therapy, sildenafil citrate (Revatio, Viagra), stem cell transplants, and warfarin (Coumadin).
Selonsertib for patients with bridging fibrosis or compensated cirrhosis due to NASH: Results from randomized phase III STELLAR trials. Forty-eight weeks of selonsertib monotherapy had no antifibrotic effect in patients with bridging fibrosis or compensated cirrhosis due to NASH. PubMed, J Hepatol, 2020 Jul;73(1):26-39. (Also see Clinical Trials)
Case Report: Systemic scleroderma–related interstitial pneumonia associated with borderline pulmonary arterial hypertension. The clinical condition improved dramatically with a combination therapy of an antifibrotic agent, pirfenidone for 12 months, and the dual endothelin receptor antagonist, macitentan, with prednisolone. PubMed, BMJ Case Rep.
Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE 5) are used in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension, often as part of combination treatment. There are three main brands of PDE 5: sildenafil (Revatio® and Viagra®), tadalafil ADCIRCA® and Cialis®, and vardenafil (Levitra®). This class of drugs is also used to treat erectile dysfunction, in lower dosages. ISN.
Extended–release oral treprostinil in the management of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH): clinical evidence and experience. Ongoing clinical trials will determine the long–term effects of higher doses of oral treprostinil on clinical outcomes. PubMed, Ther Adv Respir Dis, 2018 Jan-Dec;12:1753466618766490.
Uptravi® (selexipag) is an oral IP prostacyclin receptor agonist marketed by Actelion Pharmaceuticals US, Inc., which was approved by the US FDA for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension in December 2015. Common side effects include headache, diarrhea, jaw pain, nausea, muscle pain (myalgia), vomiting, pain in an extremity, and flushing. ISN.
Prospects for improving outcomes in systemic sclerosis–related pulmonary hypertension.. The role of anti-coagulation for SSc–PAH has been the subject of a recent meta–analysis of nine observational studies that suggests it may confer a survival benefit, but to date, there have been no randomised controlled trials to confirm this. PubMed, Intern Med J.
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